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Daily वे॑द Quote #14 द॑स्यवेवृ॑क 10/23/2022 (Sun) 22:43:47 ID:9cd72c No. 2136
Since today is the holiday of दीपावलि॑ (not दीपावली), today's quote is one of the two verses from the ऋग्वेद॑ that use the root दीप् "ignite" (in the णिजन्त/causative). . आ॑ ज॑नाय • द्रु॑ह्वणे पा॑र्थिवानि। दिविया॑नि • दीपयो अन्त॑रिक्षा। त॑पा वृषन् • विश्व॑तः शोचि॑षा ता॑न्। ब्रह्मद्वि॑षे • शोचय क्षा॑मप॑श्च॥ —ऋग्वेद॑ 6.22.8 . (This is the metrically restored version. The सं॑हिता has two deficient syllables with दिव्या॑नि and दीपयोऽन्त॑रिक्षा.) . Translation: "Set on fire the Earthly and Heavenly regions and the realm between, to (exterminate) the hostile peoples! Burn them, O bullish (hero), with flame from every side! Burn land and waters to (exterminate) the prayer-haters!" . Word-by-word: आ॑ दीपयस् < आ॑ दीप् "set on fire", ज॑नाय < ज॑न "people", द्रु॑ह्वणे < द्रु॑ह्वन् "hostile", पा॑र्थिवानि < पा॑र्थिव "Earthly", दिविया॑नि < दिव्य॑ "Heavenly", अन्त॑रिक्षा < अन्त॑रिक्ष "middle space", त॑पा < तप् "burn", वृषन् < वृ॑षन् "bullish", विश्व॑तस् "all around", शोचि॑षा < शोचि॑स् "flame", ता॑न् < ते "they", ब्रह्म < ब्र॑ह्मन् "prayer", द्वि॑षे < द्विष् "hate", शोचय < शुच् cause to glow = "burn", क्षा॑म् < क्ष॑म् "land", अप॑स् < अप् "water", च "and". . (आ॑ दीप्, तप्, and शुच् all mean essentially the same thing here.) . Meter: त्रिष्टु॑भ् . Interpretation: This hymn is dedicated to इ॑न्द्र, the war-God of the आ॑र्यs, beseeching him for help in slaying the enemies. Many Vedic verses describe how इ॑न्द्र and अग्नि॑ helped the आ॑र्यs defeat their foes (द॑स्युs) in battle by consuming them with divine flame, clearing their land for settlement by the conquerors. The द॑स्यु tribes are many times described as atheists (अ॑देवs) or infidels (अश्रद्ध॑s) or prayer-haters (ब्रह्मद्वि॑ष्s) alien to the Vedic faith (अन्य॑व्रत). . Obviously, Hinduism was not originally a tolerant or peaceful religion. Wars of conquest were divinely ordained and ended with the burning up (extermination) or enslavement of the enemy. . I've also decided to start including an observation on interesting Vedic grammar from each daily verse. . Interesting Vedic grammar: Note the form अन्त॑रिक्षा (द्वितीया/accusative, बहुवचन/plural, नपुंसकलिङ्ग/neuter). This is a uniquely Vedic form of neuter plurals; in Classical Sanskrit it would be अन्त॑रिक्षाणि.
good morning to you sir
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