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Daily वे॑द Quote #39: 2022 November 18 द॑स्यवेवृ॑क 11/17/2022 (Thu) 18:55:51 ID:64244f No. 2264
सम्रा॑ज्ञी श्व॑शुरे भव। सम्रा॑ज्ञी श्वश्रुवां॑ भव। न॑नान्द्रि सम्रा॑ज्ञी भव। सम्रा॑ज्ञी अ॑धि देवृ॑षु॥ —ऋग्वेद॑ 10.85.46 . (This is the metrically restored version. The सं॑हिता has a deficient syllable with श्वश्र्वां॑ and an extra syllable with न॑नान्दरि.) . Translation: "Be queen over your father-in-law, be queen over your mother-in-law, be queen over your sister-in-law, be queen over your brothers-in-law!" . Word-by-word: सम्रा॑ज्ञी "queen", श्व॑शुरे < श्व॑शुर "father-in-law", भव < भू "be", सम्रा॑ज्ञी "queen", श्वश्रुवा॑म् < श्वश्रू॑ "mother-in-law", भव < भू "be", न॑नान्द्रि < न॑नान्दृ "sister-in-law", सम्रा॑ज्ञी "queen", भव < भू "be", सम्रा॑ज्ञी "queen", अ॑धि "over", देवृ॑षु < देवृ॑ "brother-in-law". . Meter: अनुष्टु॑भ् . Context: Continuing with the wedding-hymn today, this verse corresponds to आपस्तम्बमन्त्रप्रश्न॑ 1.6.6, and according to आपस्तम्बगृह्यसू॑त्र 2.5.22, it is to be recited by the groom to his bride after she has mounted the chariot that will carry the couple to the boat. . In contrast to the low status of brides in much of later Indian society, where the bride was often abused and treated as a servant by her in-laws, a bride held great respect and influence over her new family in Vedic society, and was to be treated like a queen by them. . Interesting Vedic grammar: सम्रा॑ज् and its feminine सम्रा॑ज्ञी are the only words in the Sanskrit language where the final -म् of a prefix doesn't become अनुस्वार before a व्यञ्जन/consonant, as stated in अष्टाध्यायी 8.3.25: thus, सम्रा॑ज् rather than संरा॑ज्.